1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital city, Muscat, we can find a safe and welcoming country with transforming panoramas that transit between wilderness and the warm Indian; and a human population which will receive you as if you were a part of it. Oman is a country found in western Asia, on the eastern coastline of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west as well as Yemen to the southwest. The coast, meanwhile, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://evisa-oman.info)
To talk a little bit with regards to its history, we have that Oman extends its beginnings to the Stone Age, given that there are indications of human settlements in the region, specifically in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. In addition, the city appears named the first time in the 1st century AD. C., specifically when Greeks and Romans documented the existence of a crucial industrial port, what is now presently referred to as “Port of Muscat”, a link in between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The battles for power over the port of Muscat have been frequent over the centuries due to its strategic area between the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, numerous have been the nations that have disputed the control of the land, so it has been a crucial component for the growth and history of the nation.
In the third century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era commenced when conversion to Islam took place. This occurred in the seventh century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From that point on, this time frame that started and it extended till the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for power over the city?
The Portuguese fleet first found its way to Muscat in 1507, however they were met with shots from the port. The battles for power over the city were devastating, but eventually the Portuguese dominated over a hundred years. At that moment the Muscat fortresses were designed, to defend against maritime attacks. Nonetheless, this did not stop the conquest of the Turks, which happened twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was elected imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and also was accountable for uniting the nation. He was also the founder of the Yaruba dynasty and also from it all the rulers of Oman emerged until 1749. It was a time of fantastic territorial growth since they conquered cities of East Africa like Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity started in the midst of the 18th century, after a civil war as well as the continuous incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During that time, there was a power vacuum that led to theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he increased military superiority and beaten Zanzibar.
How were your internal clashes?
Conflicts between the tribes within the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request the United Kingdom for assistance to quell the revolts and also had to transfer his residence from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) orchestrated a coup d’etat and overthrew his father. Since that time, it has the absolute power of the country, renowned as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official home is in the Al Alam Palace.
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